The results also revealed that nearly a third (32%) of respondents said they need more rest than the average person, while 10% think they need less.
More than 18,000 people from 134 different countries took part in the Rest Test, an online survey to investigate the public's resting habits and their attitudes towards relaxation and busyness. It is part of a wider collaboration between BBC Radio 4 and Hubbub, Wellcome Collection's researchers in residence led by Durham University, to explore the topic of rest from the point of view of multiple disciplines – from the arts to the social sciences to the life sciences.
It comes at a time when the urge to be busy defines modern life and the topic of rest is at the forefront of many people’s minds. Rest can seem hard to find, whether in relation to an exhausted body, a racing mind or a hectic city. Rest is a much broader category than sleep, and has physical, mental and spiritual components. But much less is known about the potentially restorative benefits of rest – in part because it means different things to different people.
The survey also found that those who felt they needed more rest scored lower in terms of well-being. Similarly, those who responded saying they think they get more rest than average or don’t feel in need of more rest, had well-being scores twice as high as those who wanted more rest. This suggests that the perception of rest matters, as well as the reality.
Dr Felicity Callard, Principal Investigator of Hubbub and social scientist at Durham University, said: "The survey shows that people’s ability to take rest, and their levels of well-being, are related. We’re delighted that these findings combat a common, moralizing connection between rest and laziness."
The survey asked people to choose the activities that they find the most restful. The top five activities chosen by people surveyed as restful are activities often done alone:
Being in the natural environment (53.1%)
Being on their own (52.1%)
Listening to music (40.6%)
Doing nothing in particular (40%)
Dr Felicity Callard continued: "It’s also intriguing that the top activities considered restful are frequently done on one’s own. Perhaps it’s not only the total hours resting or working that we need to consider, but the rhythms of our work, rest and time with and without others."
The survey asked respondents to state how many hours rest they had within the last 24 hours. The results showed that, on average, being younger and having a higher household income was associated with having fewer hours of rest. Those with caring responsibilities or in shift work which included nights also reported fewer hours of rest.
Claudia Hammond, presenter of Radio 4's All in the Mind and associate director of Hubbub, said: "We had no idea how many people would choose to complete the Rest Test. More than 18,000 gave up their precious spare time to tell us what they thought about rest which shows us what a pressing issue it is. These results show just how crucial it is to our well-being to ensure people do have time to rest. We can begin to try to work out what the optimum amount of rest might be and how we should go about resting."
The average time spent resting by UK respondents the previous day was 3 hours and 8 minutes.
The Rest Test has been designed by Hubbub, an international collective of social scientists, artists, humanities researchers, scientists, broadcasters, public engagement professionals and mental health experts, in residence at the Hub at Wellcome Collection in London, led by Durham University.
You can hear the results being discussed today (Tue 27 September) at 09.00 on The Anatomy of Rest on BBC Radio 4.
A full analysis of the data will be published in the next year. Hubbub hope the results will increase understanding of people’s perceptions of rest and the way these relate to an individual’s work or daily habits, as well as their experiences of health, illness, disability, satisfaction with life and the tendency to mind wander.